Resource wars: A new dam on the Nile could trigger a war over water – unless Ethiopia can agree a deal with Egypt and Sudan / سيدة جديدة على النيل يمكن أن تؤدي إلى حرب ضد مصر – السودان.

A fisherman works from his boat on the side of the river Nile in Cairo, Egypt August 9, 2017.

Facing water scarcity. (Reuters/Amr Abdallah Dalsh)

Join the BBC’s Africa correspondent Alastair Leithead and his team, travelling from the Blue Nile’s source to the sea – through Ethiopia and Sudan into Egypt.

Flying high above the river and its waterfalls, you will inspect the dam up close and take a sunrise balloon ride over Luxor as the story unfolds.

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A major geopolitical crisis is set to erupt over who controls the world’s longest river

When Ethiopian prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn visits Egypt this week to discuss bilateral cooperation in sectors like health, education, and agriculture, one contentious issue will stand out: the completion of Africa’s largest dam.

It’s no secret what Egypt thinks about the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), the centerpiece of the Horn of Africa nation’s bid to become Africa’s biggest exporter of electricity. From the get-go, Egypt was opposed to the idea of the dam, and politicians including former president Mohamed Morsi were caught on air proposing military action against Ethiopia.

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