The financial and human costs of climate change

“The very air we breathe is filling up with toxins. For years, gases have burned through the ozone layer, exposing us to ultraviolet rays and affecting climate change. Airborne diseases – such as Zike, swine flu and bird flu – have multiplied and threatened to become global pandemics. […] Great clouds of smog hover above our cities and airborne diseases multiply. Inhalation of gases is said to reduce average lifespans by one to two years. Various estimates suggest that air pollution accounts for between half and two-thirds of all premature deaths in Asia, while anywhere between 10 and 20% of all worldwide deaths are attributable to the same cause.”
                                                                                                         Kofi Annan, 4th May 2017

SummaryPROJECT NATURECONNECT Institute of Global Education A special NGO consultant to the United Nations Social and Economic Council: The State of Planet Earth – Results of how we learn to think 

Editorial note: This is an interesting report on the current state of planet earth and the types of degradation taking place.

Link: http://www.ecopsych.com/zombie5.html

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Summary: BBC’s Futuris: Miami’s fight against rising seas (04.2017)

Editorial note: This is one of the best articles we have come across that describes how a major American city is taking active measures to protect itself and its citizens against rising sea levels, committing extensive financial resources to put the right systems in place.

Link: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20170403-miamis-fight-against-sea-level-rise

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Summary: Top 10 Countries Killing the Planet (05.2010)

Editorial note: This is an interesting summary on the top ten countries causing the most environmental damage to planet earth. The data is based on a PLOS One peer-reviewed research article entitled: ‘Evaluating the Relative Environmental Impact of Countries’ published on 3 May 2010.

Link: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/top-10-countries-ruining-the-planet.html

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Summary: California wildfires: Businesses face ruin as blaze rages (12.2017)

Summary: Lessons From Hurricane Harvey: Houston’s Struggle Is America’s Tale (11.2017)

Summary: Michael Bloomberg’s ‘war on coal’ goes global with $50m fund (11.2017)

Summary: The three-degree world: cities that will be drowned by global warming (11.2017)

Summary: Why Tony Abbott’s climate snow job mistakes Australia for Europe (10.2017)

Summary: California fires: chaos as blaze rages out of control with more than 100 missing (10.2017)

Summary: Catholic church to make record divestment from fossil fuels (10.2017)

Summary: Sydney and Melbourne could face 50C days ‘within decades’ (10.2017)

Summary: Jeffery Sachs: Big Oil will have to pay up, like Big Tobacco (09.2017)

Big Tobacco is implicated in causation of health problems — Big Oil will also be a target for civil damages and compensation

Summary: Big Oil must pay for climate change. Now we can calculate how much | Myles Allen and Peter C Frumhoff (09.2017)

Summary: Warm waters tripled the amount of ice lost in these Antractic glaciers – and that’s bad for sea level rise (09.2017)

Link: https://www.theverge.com/2017/9/26/16363158/antarctica-glaciers-melting-marguerite-bay-climate-change-warming-oceans

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Summary: Wildfires sweep areas of California (09.2017)

Summary: New study finds that climate change costs will hit Trump country hardest (09.2017)

Summary: Hurricane Harvey: FEMA administrator: We’re ‘going to be there for years’ (08.2017)

Summary: Kuwait’s inferno: how will the world’s hottest city survive climate change (08.2017)

Summary: Vanity Fair: HOW EXTREME HEAT COULD LEAVE SWATHS OF THE PLANET UNINHABITABLE (08.2017)

Last year, in Kuwait, the earth’s hottest recorded temperature topped 129 degrees, a tie with Death Valley’s sizzling 2013 high. Recalling his own near-lethal brush with such temperatures—now the leading cause of weather-related fatalities—the author investigates how it could alter Earth forever

Summary: Australia faces potentially disastrous consequences of climate change, inquiry told (08.2017)

Summary: Alaskan towns at risk from rising seas sound alarm as Trump pulls federal help (08.2017)

Communities in danger of falling into the sea say assistance from Washington has dried up: ‘It feels like a complete abdication of responsibility on climate change’

Summary: Iraq sends workers home as ‘ungodly’ heat grips Middle East (08.2017)

Summary: Extreme weather ‘could kill up to 152,000 a year’ in Europe by 2100 (08.2017)

Workers laboring outdoors in southern US states are wrestling with the
personal and political consequences of a worsening environment.

Summary: In Sweltering South, Climate Change Is Now a Workplace Hazard (08.2017)

Workers laboring outdoors in southern US states are wrestling with the
personal and political consequences of a worsening environment.


Summary
: Climate change to cause humid heatwaves that will kill even healthy people (08.2017)

“It presents a dilemma for India between the need to grow economically at a fast pace, consuming fossil fuels, and the need to avoid such potentially lethal impacts,” said Prof Elfatih Eltahir, at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US who led the new study. “To India, global climate change is no longer abstract – it is about how to save potentially vulnerable populations.”

Summary: Higher seas to flood dozens of US cities, study says; is yours one of them?(07.2017)

Summary: Suicides of nearly 60,000 Indian farmers linked to climate change, study claims (07.2017)

Summary: Wildfires rage near popular holiday destinations across France and Portugal, in pictures (07.2017)

Summary: France: 10,000 evacuated after new wildfire on Mediterranean coast (07.2017)

Summary: Alien species invasions and global warming a ‘deadly duo’, warn scientists (07.2017)

Foreign animals and plants can cause huge damage, with the march of Argentine ants in the UK a new example of how climate change is boosting the threat

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jul/25/alien-species-invasions-and-global-warming-a-deadly-duo-warn-scientists

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Summary: Rome facing water rationing as Italy suffers driest spring for 60 years (07.2017)

Summary: Torrential rain batters north-east China again (07.2017)

SummaryAsia’s coal-fired power boom ‘bankrolled by foreign governments and banks (07.2017)

Summary: Canada wildfires: Drone footage shows devastation of blaze (07.2017)

Summary: How climate change will transform business and the workforce (07.2017)

Summary: Paris flooding: Record rainfall hits French capital (07.2017)

Link: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-40554842

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Summary: Wildfires in Canada’s British Columbia prompts state of emergency (07.2017)

Link: http://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-us-canada-40547468/wildfires-in-canada-s-british-columbia-prompts-state-of-emergency

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Summary: California wildfires: Hundreds evacuated as flames spread (07.2017)

Link: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-40549753

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Summary: Hundreds of thousands leave homes after Japan floods (07.2017)

Link: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-40519919

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Summary: Is inequality bad for the environment? (07.2017)

From buying stuff to eating meat to wasting water, there is growing evidence that countries with a bigger gap between rich and poor do more harm to the planet and its climate.

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/inequality/2017/jul/04/is-inequality-bad-for-the-environment?CMP=share_btn_link

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Summary: Vulnerable ‘chokepoints’ threaten global food supply, warns report (06.2017)

Fourteen critical bottlenecks, from roads to ports to shipping lanes, are increasingly at risk from climate change, say analysts

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jun/27/vulnerable-chokepoints-threaten-global-food-supply-warns-report?CMP=share_btn_link

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SummaryGreat Barrier Reef valued at $56bn as report warns it’s ‘too big to fail (06.2017)

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jun/26/great-barrier-reef-valued-at-56bn-as-report-warns-its-too-big-to-fail?CMP=share_btn_link

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SummaryCan Kenya’s tea industry survive? (06.2017)

Kenya’s tea industry is in crisis. The country’s largest producer of black tea has seen production fall by over a third this year because of the drought. The rain has now come but is it too little too late?

Link: http://www.bbc.com/news/av/business-40221364/can-kenya-s-tea-industry-survive

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Summary: Sri Lanka floods: Nearly 500,000 displaced as death toll rises (05.2017)

Link: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-40070660

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Summary: South Africa’s Western Cape declares drought disaster (05.2017)

Link: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-40002770

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Summary: Sea level rise will double coastal flood risk worldwide (05.2017)

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/may/18/sea-level-rise-double-coastal-flood-risk-worldwide?CMP=share_btn_link

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Summary: Climate change will threaten wine production, study shows (04.2013)

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/apr/08/climate-change-wine-production?CMP=share_btn_link

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Summary: UK: Top UK fund manager divests from fossil fuels (05.2017)

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/may/15/top-uk-fund-manager-divests-from-fossil-fuels?CMP=share_btn_link

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Summary: UK: High pollution is reducing house prices by 15pc as buyers reject ‘unhealthy’ homes (05.2017)

Link: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/05/13/high-pollution-reducing-house-prices-15pc-buyers-reject-unhealthy/?WT.mc_id=tmg_share_em

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Summary: Arctic summit: Alaskan fears amid the vanishing ice (05.2017)

Link: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-39856799

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Summary: For decades fishermen in Myanmar have caught and sold the hilsa fish, but overfishing, climate change, pollution and poor regulation are taking a terrible toll (05.2017)

Link: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-39856799

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Summary: Canada floods: 3 missing in Quebec and British Columbia (05.2017)

Link: http://edition.cnn.com/2017/05/08/americas/canada-floods-quebec-montreal/index.html

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Summary: Loss of coral reefs caused by rising sea temperatures could cost $1 tn globally (04.2017)

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/apr/12/loss-of-coral-reefs-caused-by-rising-sea-temperatures-could-cost-1tn-globally?CMP=share_btn_link

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Summary: Soil erosion in Tanzania (05.2017)

The Jali Ardhi, or ‘care for the land’ project, studies the impact of soil erosion on Maasai communities and their grazing lands.

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2017/may/04/soil-erosion-in-tanzania-in-pictures

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Summary: Bolivian water rationing – in pictures (11.2016)

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2016/nov/23/bolivian-water-rationing-in-pictures?CMP=share_btn_link

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Summary: California drought costs to top $600 million (08.2016)

Link: http://www.cnbc.com/2016/08/15/california-drought-costs-to-top-600-million-dollars.html

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Summary: Rate of Environmental Damage Increasing Across Planet but Still Time to Reverse Worst Impacts (05.2016)

Link: http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2016/05/rate-of-environmental-damage-increasing-across-planet-but-still-time-to-reverse-worst-impacts/

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Summary: California drought cost is 2.7 billion in 2015 (08.2015)

Link: https://www.usatoday.com/story/weather/2015/08/19/california-drought-cost-27-billion-2015/32007967/

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SummaryTaiwan launches water rationing to fight drought (04.2015)

Linkhttps://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/08/taiwan-water-rationing-fight-drought?CMP=share_btn_link

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Summary: One of the worst droughts in California history has cost the state $2.2 billion and 17,100 part-time and seasonal farm jobs this year (07.2014)

Link: https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2014/07/15/california-drought-costs-22-billion-17-100-jobs?int=news-rec

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Summary: Drought in northern Kenya: ‘Today you are rich, tomorrow you have nothing’ (07.2014)

Prolonged dry spells push pastoralists to the brink of starvation as food prices soar and cattle raids spiral out of control

Link: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2014/jul/30/kenya-drought-food-starvation?CMP=share_btn_link

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Reports

 

Title: Economic Impacts of the 2016 California Drought for Agriculture (08.2016)

UC Davis researchers forecast the socio-economic effects of the drought on California agriculture for 2014 and beyond. Economists use computer models and the latest estimates of water deliveries, well-pumping capacities and acres fallowed. The researchers exploit new satellite remote-sensing technologies to estimate fallowed acreage as the drought unfolds

Link: https://watershed.ucdavis.edu/droughtimpacts

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Title: GlobalChange.gov: National Climate Assessment (2014)

The National Climate Assessment summarizes the impacts of climate change on the United States, now and in the future.

A team of more than 300 experts guided by a 60-member Federal Advisory Committee produced the report, which was extensively reviewed by the public and experts, including federal agencies and a panel of the National Academy of Sciences.

Link: http://nca2014.globalchange.gov/

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Title: Pacific Institute: The Societal and Environmental Costs of the Continuing California Drought (07.1991)

Abstract and pdf download link: http://pacinst.org/publication/cost-continuing-california-drought/

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